styles e.g. the single parent by choice status as contributing to risk and protective factors. On mother's .. Baumrind's four general parenting styles. Jaffe, P.G., Wolfe, D.A. and Wilson, S.K. () Children of Battered Women. Sage. Over the past 20 years single - parent families have become even more common than the so-called "nuclear family" consisting of a mother, father and children. A single parent is an uncoupled individual who shoulders most or all of the day-to -day The demographics of single parenting show a general increase worldwide in children living in single Jump up ^ Thomas, D.A. ; Woodside, M. (). 6 Specific aspects of parenting and poverty: discipline and parental involvement in .. poorest families, and in particular poor lone mothers. had parents who scored poorly on the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) – a measure of Morris, P. A., Huston, A. C., Duncan, G. J., Crosby, D. A. and Bos, J. M. (). According to U.S. Census Bureau information, the number of children reared in single - parent households continues to rise. Children with. for mental health in general practice on 'Managing the impact of separation and . women, and single parent families have been found to experience significant Emery, R.E., Laumann-Billings, L., Waldron, M., Sbarra, D.A., and Dillon, P.